The legal concept behind premise liability claims involves an injury that is sustained as a result of defective or unsafe environmental conditions while on someone else’s property. The majority of such cases are caused by negligence, and to win, the injured party must demonstrate that the owner of the property was negligent with regard to maintenance.

Premises Liability Types

It must be emphasized that merely being injured while on the property of another person doesn’t automatically mean that they were negligent. This might be true even in a scenario where the property was in a non-safe condition. You and your attorney must demonstrate that the owner should have known that their premises were unsafe and yet still refused to take the correct steps to resolve the matter. Premises liability also comes in different types, which includes:

  • Accidents involving ice or snow
  • Improper onsite maintenance
  • Slips and falls
  • Defective environmental conditions
  • Insufficient building security
  • Dog attacks and bites
  • Accidents involving stairs, elevators, or escalators
  • Accidents involving amusement park rides
  • Fire hazard
  • Flooding or water damage
  • Toxic chemicals or fumes
  • Accidents involving swimming pools

Premises liability encompasses a broad range of scenarios. Dog attacks and bites are included because although the injury is caused by the dog itself rather than the environment, the dog is part of the environment and it is the responsibility of the owner to control it.

Property Owner Responsibility and Care Duty

Most states in the U.S. require property owners to exercise care duty and responsibility when it comes to the maintenance of their property and all persons who enter it. However, there are also states which add an older rule which restricts the duties of the property owner based on visitor status. In these states, visitors to a property are split into 3 categories, which are:

  • Licensees
  • Trespassers
  • Invitees

The licensee is a person who the property owner has given permission to enter their property, who is visiting for their own purpose. An example of a licensee would be a salesman. Traditionally, the property owner has a duty to warn a licensee of potentially dangerous conditions if they are aware of it and it is unlikely that the licensee will encounter it.

The trespasser is an individual who has not been authorized to enter a property, but does so anyway. Examples of trespassers include drifters, squatters, and burglars. Traditionally, property owners have no duty to notify trespassers of environmental hazards unless they are a child.

The invitee is a person who the property owner has invited onto the premises. Examples of this include neighbors, friends, and family. The property owner has a duty to notify such persons of any environmental hazards so long as they are aware of them.

The rules for one state can differ widely from another which is why it is important to speak with a qualified local attorney to answer specific questions.

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JACK V. CORRADINO, ROBERT C. PAPA, JR., JOSEPH A. DEFURIA, TIMOTHY J. FONSECA, AND FRANCIS J. SWEENEY III ARE ALL CERTIFIED BY THE SUPREME COURT AS CIVIL TRIAL ATTORNEYS. Corradino & Papa, LLC is located in Clifton, NJ and serves clients in and around Newark, Irvington, Harrison, East Orange, Orange, Belleville, Hillside, Maplewood, South Orange, Kearny, West Orange, Elizabeth, Glen Ridge, Bloomfield, North Arlington, Vauxhall, Union, Montclair, Millburn, Lyndhurst, Nutley, Bergen County, Essex County, Hudson County and Union County. See All Locations CAttorney Advertising. This website is designed for general information only. The information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of a lawyer/client relationship. The hiring of an attorney is an important decision. The information you obtain in this website is not, nor is it intended to be legal advice. You should contact an attorney for individual advice regarding your situation. Results may vary depending on your particular facts and legal circumstances. No aspect of this advertising has been approved by the supreme court. Here are the criteria for the various awards we’ve won: Disclaimer : Results may vary depending on your particular facts and legal circumstances Copyright© 2021 All Right Reserved